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How to fix windows boot

Load from Windows CD and press R for Repair. In the command line Enter Fixboot and fixmbr to fix boot options

The bootcfg command is a Microsoft Windows XP Recovery Console command that manipulates the Boot.ini file. This command has a function that can scan your hard disks for Microsoft Windows NT, Microsoft Windows 2000, and Windows XP installations, and then add them to an existing Boot.ini file or rebuild a new Boot.ini file, if one does not exist. The bootcfg command enables additional Boot.ini file parameters to be added to existing or new entries.

To use the bootcfg command, start the Recovery Console with the Windows XP CD-ROM, and then click Recovery Console. Or, install the Recovery Console locally, and then select the command from the Boot menu.

The bootcfg command and its uses:

  • The bootcfg /default command sets the default operating system option in the Boot menu (the command selects the operating system entry automatically).  
  • The bootcfg /add command scans the computer for Windows NT, Windows 2000, or Windows XP (if dual booting) installations, and then displays the results. From this location you can add an installation to the Boot menu.An example of the message that may be displayed:
      • Scanning all disks for Windows Installations
      • Please wait, since this may take a while…Total Identified Windows Installs: 2
    [1] C:Windows
    [2] D:Windows

    Select installation to add: (select a number)

    Enter Load Identifier: (Custom description for an operating system loading from the Boot menu)
    Enter Operating System Load Options: (that is: /fastdetect)

    This process adds a new entry into the Boot menu. When you add an installation, the bootcfg command also makes the installation the default operating system boot entry.  

  • The bootcfg /rebuild command scans the hard disks of the computer for Windows NT, Windows 2000, or Windows XP installations, and then displays the results. You can add the detected Windows installations.An example of the message that may be displayed:
      • Total Identified Windows Installs: 2[1] C:Windows
      • Add installation to boot list? (Yes/No/All):
      • Enter Load Identifier: (Custom description for an operating system loading from the Boot menu)
      • Enter Operating System Load Options: (that is: /fastdetect)
    [2] D:Windows
    Add installation to boot list? (Yes/No/All):
    Enter Load Identifier: (Custom description for an operating system loading from the Boot menu)
    Enter Operating System Load Options: (that is: /fastdetect)
  • The bootcfg /scan command scans the hard disks of the computer for Windows NT, Windows 2000 or Windows XP installations, and then displays the results.An example of the message that may be displayed:
      • Scanning all disks for Windows Installations
      • Please wait, since this may take a while…Total Identified Windows Installs: 2
    [1] C:Windows
    [2] D:Windows
  • The bootcfg /list command reads the Boot.ini file, and then displays the operating system identifier, the operating system load options, and the operating system location (path). An example of the message that may be displayed:
      • Total entries in boot list: 2[1] Microsoft Windows Whistler Professional
      • Operating System Load Options: /fastdetect
      • Operating System Location: D:Windows
    [2] Microsoft Windows Whistler Server
    Operating System Load Options: /fastdetect
    Operating System Location: C:Windows  
  • The bootcfg /redirect command enables redirection in the boot loader with the configuration specified as port and baudrate. This command is used to enable the Headless Administration feature.An example of this command:bootcfg /redirect com1 115200
    bootcfg /redirect useBiosSettings
  • The bootcfg /disableredirect command disables redirection in the boot loader with the configuration specified as port and baudrate. This command is used to disable the Headless Administration feature.

EDIT BOOT.INI

You can also modify the Boot.ini file in the Windows XP graphical user interface (GUI):

    1. 1. In Control Panel, double-click

System

    1. .

 

    1. 2. On the

Advanced

    1. tab, click

Startup and Recovery

    1. , and then click

Settings

    1. .

 

    1. 3. Under

System Startup

    1. , click

Edit

    1. .

 

    1. 4. You must save your changes, and then click

OK

    1. to leave the Startup and Recovery window before the changes to the Boot.ini file are seen.

 

    1. 5. Click

Start

    1. , click

Run

    1. , and then type:

msconfig

    1. to start the System Configuration utility.

 

    1. 6. Click the

Boot.ini

    tab.

About Mohammad Khazab

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